Pecan Hickory has lower strength values than true Hickory, but it is still among the hardest of woods native to the United States. The wood is commonly used where hardness is important. As the common name implies, Carya illinoinensis is the tree responsible for producing Pecan nuts commonly used in snacks and cooking recipes, and is the state tree of Texas.
Because Pecan Hickory falls into the category of a “Semi-Ring Porous” species, the strength characteristics of Pecan are somewhat influenced by the spacing of its growth rings. In general, wood from faster-growing trees, with wider spaced growth rings, tends to be harder, heavier, and stronger than wood from slower growing trees that have rings which are closer together. Just the opposite tends to be seen in fully porous ring wood like Ash and non-porous wood like Birch and Maple.
So when your bat maker is selecting your wood, as is the case for virtually all hardwoods, impact strength and surface hardness declines as weight declines. And this is especially true for Pecan Hickory.
Below are the average mechanical properties for Pecan Hickory:
Impact Bending Strength: 44